Us Philippine Military Bases Agreement Of 1947

„The United States has proposed to leave the Philippines with only the armed forces necessary to occupy the bases and form the military mission. Troops not needed for these purposes in the Philippines will be transferred to other regions in order to continue to support the occupation of Japan. I submit to the Senate for its approval of an agreement between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States of America on military bases. This agreement was signed on March 14 in Manila by me on behalf of the Philippine government and by Ambassador Paul V. McNutt on behalf of the President of the United States. The agreement itself does not contain the actual real estate descriptions of the base sites, although we generally assume that they will be elaborated in all the details of the following discussion on the basis of joint investigations by the technical representatives of both governments. Although the President of the United States has been authorized by a joint resolution of the United States Congress, on the provisions of which I will refer in detail, to negotiate and establish these bases without further consultation with Congress, the Philippine President`s authority is less clear. I have therefore decided to keep in mind that the approval of the Philippine Senate is necessary for the provisions of this agreement to be applied by the Philippine government as if it were a treaty. If we remember our feelings and thoughts from two years ago, we will remember that we welcomed the decision of the United States to establish a foundation in the Philippines with promises of full cooperation. There was no sense of being imposed. We did not feel that this was a violation of our impending sovereignty. We understood that the purpose of the bases was to protect our sovereignty, a protection that would be put in place by American forces to some extent and in a way that we were not able to do.

We argued at the time that, as long as we had naval bases and gas stations here, we should welcome a more sophisticated military establishment that should serve as a true guarantee of our security and national integrity. Of course, such a regulation would not be possible with any other country. We don`t dream of it. We couldn`t imagine it. It was only the unique relationship between our country and the nation that wanted to grant us independence and liberated us, that the basic regime allowed. This regime was not at all at odds with our independence. Shortly after the declaration of independence, negotiations on these bases were officially initiated. U.S. Ambassador Paul V. McNutt was authorized by the President of the United States to negotiate on behalf of his government.

The duration of the agreement is 99 years, subject to an extension that can be made by mutual agreement between the two governments. Sixteen separate lists are listed in Schedule A; but among these, there is a disappearance of communication equipment; Three consist of minute zones for the installation of navigation aids; A small coast guard; A radio station one, an anchor of the navy; A military cemetery and one, a holiday and leisure centre for military personnel. There are only seven lists of actual operational military bases, in the accepted sense of the word.